Protopic

Protopic Ointment is a prescription ointment used to treat moderate to severe eczema. Protopic is for use after other prescription medicines have not worked or when a doctor recommends that other prescription medicines should not be used. Protopic should be used for short periods, and, if needed, treatment may be repeated with breaks in between.

Protopic is available in two strengths. Adults may use either Protopic Ointment 0.1% or 0.03%. Children 2 to 16 years of age should only use Protopic Ointment 0.03%. Protopic should not be used on children younger than 2 years of age.

 

Protopic is indicated for adults and children older than 2 years of age who do not have a weakened immune system. Protopic Ointment is used only on skin with moderate to severe eczema for short periods of time. If needed, treatment may be repeated with breaks in between. You should not use Protopic if you are allergic to tacrolimus or any other ingredients contained in the product.

The most common side effects are mild to moderate stinging, burning, or itching. They are most common during the first few days of treatment and usually go away as the skin heals.

Less common side effects include acne, swollen or infected hair follicles, headache, increased sensitivity of the skin to hot or cold temperatures, flu-like symptoms such as the common cold and stuffy nose, skin tingling, upset stomach, muscle pain, swollen glands (enlarged lymph nodes), or skin infections, including cold sores, chicken pox, or shingles.

Tell your doctor if you have a skin infection or if side effects continue to bother you.

While you are using Protopic, drinking alcohol may cause the skin or face to become flushed or red and feel hot.

These are not all the side effects with Protopic Ointment. Talk to your doctor about other possible side effects.

•    Do not use ultraviolet light therapy, sun lamps, or tanning beds during your treatment with Protopic
•    Limit sun exposure during treatment with Protopic even when the medicine is not on your skin. If you need to be outdoors after applying Protopic, wear loose-fitting clothing that protects the treated area from the sun. Ask your doctor what other types of sun protection you should use
•    Do not cover the skin being treated with bandages, dressings, or wraps. You can wear normal clothing
•    Avoid getting Protopic in the eyes or mouth. Do not swallow Protopic. If you do, call your doctor
•    Do not use Protopic for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Medication Guide
•    Do not give Protopic to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may not be right for them

Protopic should be used for short periods

Applying a thin layer of protopic twice daily only to the areas the skin affected by eczema until resolution of the flare.

1-What are the symptoms of eczema?

As atopic eczema is a chronic disease symptoms are generally present all the time. A chronic disease is a long-term one; one that persists for a long time. However, during a flare-up symptoms will worsen and the patient will probably require more intense treatment.
Below are some common symptoms of atopic eczema (without flare-up):
    The skin may be broken in places.
    Some areas of the skin are cracked.
    The skin usually feels dry.
    Many areas of skin are itchy, and sometimes raw if scratched a lot.
    Itching usually worse at night.
    Scratching may also result in areas of thickened skin.
    Some areas of skin become red and inflamed.
    Some inflamed areas develop blisters and weep (ooze liquid).
    The skin has red to brownish-gray colored patches.
    Areas of skin may have small, raised bumps.
Although the patches may occur in any part of the body's skin, they tend to appear on the hands, feet, arms, behind the knees, ankles, wrists, face, neck, and upper chest. Some patients have symptoms around the eyes, including the eyelids. Scratching around the eyes may eventually lead to noticeable loss of eyebrow and eyelash hairs. Babies tend to show symptoms on the face.

2-What is atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis is a common type of eczema. Most (90%) of people develop atopic dermatitis by age 5. Skin affected by atopic dermatitis itches. This is probably because the skin has what your dermatologist may call “barrier defects.” These barrier defects allow things to irritate the skin more easily, and this causes itching

3-Is atopic dermatitis an allergy?

While people with atopic dermatitis have an increased risk for developing certain allergic conditions such as a food allergy, hay fever, or asthma, atopic dermatitis is not an allergy. Very rarely will finding and eliminating an allergen such as a food eliminate the atopic dermatitis. In fact, researchers are finding that early exposure to allergens may actually help prevent atopic dermatitis

1- علائم اگزما چیست؟

اگزما یک بیماری مزمن است که درمان قطعی ندارد و علائم آن به صورت دائمی همراه بیمار است و تنها در شرایط عود و شعله ور شدن علائم می توان از درمان هایی جهت کاهش علائم استفاده نمود. در زیر برخی از علائم شایع اگزما ( بدون شعله ور شدن علائم) آورده شده است.

- ترک خوردگی پوست از برخی نواحی

- احساس خشکی در پوست

- خارش که گاهی به دلیل خارش زیاد خراش ایجاد می گردد و میزان خارش در شب بیشتر می باشد

- التهاب و قرمزی

- تاول و ترشح مایع از پوست

- رنگ پوست ممکن است از قرمز متمایل به قهوه ای گردد

اگرچه آسیب می تواند در هر ناحیه ای از پوست باشد. ولی بیشتر در دست ها، پاها، بازو، پشت زانو، مچ پا و دست و صورت و گردن و بالای قفسه سینه دیده می شود

2- آتوپیک درماتیت چیست؟

شایع ترین نوع اگزماست که 90% افراد تا سن 5 سالگی این نوع اگزما را تجربه می نمایند. عاملی که متخصصان پوست آن را سد دفاعی پوست می نامند. بر اثر عواملی دچار آسیب می گردد. در نتیجه در این شرایط فرد دچار خارش پوستی می گردد.

3-آیا آتوپیک درماتیت یک آلرژی است؟

افراد مبتلا به آتوپیک درماتیت بیشتر در معرض خطر ابتلا به انواع بیماری های حساسیتی مانند حساسیت غذایی، تب یونجه یا آسم هستند. ولی آتوپیک درماتیت یک آلرژی نیست. در حقیقت یافته های جدید نشان می دهد مواجهه زودهنگام با برخی عوامل آلرژی زا می تواند در پیشگیری از درماتیت موثر باشد.